|Format||All files should be submitted as a MS Word document|
|Article Length||Articles should be between 3000 and 5000 words in length.|
|Article Title||A title of not more than eight words should be provided.|
|Article Title Page||This should include:
Authors must supply a structured abstract, set out under 4-7 sub-headings (see our “How to write an abstract” guide for practical help and guidance):
Maximum is 250 words in total (including keywords and article classification, see below).
Categorize your paper under one of these classifications:
Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings.
The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.
|Notes/Endnotes||Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.|
|Research Funding||Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.|
All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form.
All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance on the online database.
Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the body text of article with corresponding labels being clearly shown in the separate file.
Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.
|References||References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables your readers to exploit the Reference Linking facility on the database and link back to the works you have cited through CrossRef.|
|For books||Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.|
|For book chapters||Surname, Initials (year), “Chapter title”, Editor’s Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.|
|For journals||Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, Journal Name, volume, number, pages.|
|Surname, Initials (year of publication), “Title of paper”, in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.|
|Surname, Initials (year), “Title of paper”, paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).|
|For working papers||Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date.|
|For encyclopedia entries
(with no author or editor)
|Title of Encyclopedia (year) “Title of entry”, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.|
|Surname, Initials (year), “Article title”, Newspaper, date, pages.|
|Newspaper (year), “Article title”, date, pages.|
|For electronic sources||If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.|
Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the following guidelines: